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Sicily Archaeology


Sicily is a rich hub of archaeology excellence, displaying the cultural heritage of civilizations that have inhabited the island for thousands of years. From the ancient Segesta, the Greek temples of Selinunte, the Greek theaters in Taormina and Siracusa to the Roman Sicily with the amphitheater in Catania and the Roman Mosaics in Piazza Armerina, ancient ruins in Sicily are considered some of the best-preserved examples of ancient civilization in the world. Discover more on the topic of Archaeology Sicily with our digital Travel Guidebooks.


The Archaeological Park of the Valley of the Temples in Agrigento is one of the most important and well-preserved examples of ancient Greek civilization in the world. The park encompasses a number of ancient Greek temples, including the Temple of Hera, the Temple of Concordia, and the Temple of Heracles, as well as a number of other ancient structures and ruins. These Agrigento temples, which date back to the 5th century BC, are considered some of the best-preserved examples of ancient Greek temple architecture in the world, showcasing the skilled craftsmanship of the ancient Greeks. The park is also a valuable source of information about the history and culture of ancient Greece and the lasting influence of Greek civilization in Sicily. Today, the Archaeological Park of the Valley of the Temples Sicily is a popular tourist destination and a symbol of the rich cultural heritage of Sicily. It is an awe-inspiring site that provides a glimpse into the ancient world of Greek civilization and the cultural heritage of one of Italy’s most fascinating regions. Agrigento is one of our best recommendations included in the “Nine Days in Eastern Sicily” Travel Guidebook.


The Siracusa Neapolis Archaeological Park is a vast archaeological site located in the city of Syracuse, Sicily. The park encompasses some among the most beautiful Greek ruins in Sicily, including the Greek theater, the Latomie del Paradiso, and the Altar of Hieron. The Greek theater, which dates back to the 5th century BC, is one of the largest and best-preserved ancient theaters in the world, and is still used for performances today. The Roman amphitheater, on the other hand, is an example of ancient Roman architecture and is considered one of the largest and best-preserved examples of its kind. The Paradise Latomy and the Altar of Hieron are also fascinating sites that provide an idea about culture of ancient Syracuse. The Siracusa Neapolis Archaeological Park is a unique site that provides a great mix of the ancient world of Greece and Rome, which represents the quintessential cultural heritage of Sicily. Visiting a Greek theater in Sicily is an experience worth a trip! Make sure you don’t miss Syracuse in Sicily with our ebook Travel Guide “A full week in Eastern Sicily”.


Selinunte is an ancient Greek city located on the southwestern coast of Sicily. The city was founded in the 7th century BC and was one of the most important Greek colonies in the western Mediterranean. Selinunte was renowned for its wealth and its strategic location, and was home to a number of important temples and public buildings, including the Temple of Hera, the Temple of Artemis, and the Temple of Zeus, which are by far the best Greek temples in Sicily. The city was also known for its rich cultural heritage, and was a major center of learning and commerce. In 409 BC, Selinus was sacked by the Carthaginians, and much of the city was destroyed. Today, the ruins of Selinunte are an important archaeological site proudly representing the authentic Greek Sicily identity as well as the history of other Mediterranean civilizations.


Segesta was an ancient city located in western Sicily that was inhabited by the Elimi, a native people of the island. The Elimi were known for their skill in metalworking and for their rich cultural heritage, which was heavily influenced by both Greek and Phoenician civilizations. Despite its location on the western coast of Sicily, Segesta was a major center of commerce, and was home to a number of important public buildings, including the Temple of Zeus and the Theater, very iconic ruins in Sicily. The Elimi of Segesta maintained a unique cultural identity and maintained their independence for many centuries, despite the influence of their powerful neighbors in Greece and Phoenicia. Today, the ruins of Segesta are an important archaeological site in Sicily. The site is a beaten tourist destination from Palermo thanks to its proximity by car if you are taking a road trip and want to see one of the best temples in Sicily.


Mozia was a Phoenician city founded in 8th century BC on Sicily, known for its strategic location, thriving trade and rich cultural heritage. The city’s remains are well-preserved, providing a beautiful dive into ancient Phoenician civilization. The city was built on a small island within the Stagnone lagoon, and connected to the mainland with the so called Phoenician road, still standing and visible nowadays under the water of the lagoon. The Youth of Motya, a beautiful and iconic Greek Statue is located on the island within the Whitaker Museum and can be visited as one stop of the archaeological park. A walk among the ruins and the vineyards at sunset will create a long-lasting picture of Sicily in your mind.


The Roman Villa in Piazza Armerina is a well-preserved Roman villa located in the province of Enna, Sicily. The villa was built in the 4th century AD and was one of the most luxurious residences of its time, renowned for its famous roman mosaics, frescoes, and intricate floor plans. The villa’s ancient roman mosaics, in particular, are considered some of the finest examples of Roman art and are renowned for their intricate designs, vivid colors, and attention to detail. These roman mosaic tiles depict a range of subjects, from scenes of daily life and hunting expeditions to mythical creatures and religious themes. The Villa Romana del Casale is an important archaeological site showing the daily life of the wealthy Roman elite in ancient Sicily, and is a testament to the richness and diversity of the island’s cultural heritage. The site is not part of tourist beaten tracks as it might take a while to reach it by car, but it is definitely worth a visit if you are passionate about Roman mosaic art. This and many more ideas on cultural tours in Sicily are available in our Sicily Travel Guide pdf.

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